E-Journals - Classified by Subject Categories

Chemistry : เคมี

(see related : Polymer Science)
  1. Accounts of Chemical Research  (ACS : 1968-present)
  2. Acta Biomaterialia (ScienceDirect : 2005-present)
  3. Acta Crystallographica Section A (Wiley : 1997-present)
  4. Acta Crystallographica Section B (Wiley : 1997-present)
  5. Acta Crystallographica Section C (Wiley : 1996-present)
  6. Acta Crystallographica Section D (Wiley1997-present)
  7. Acta Crystallographica Section E (Wiley : 2001-2007)
  8. Acta Crystallographica Section F (Wiley : 2005-present)
  9. Acta Metallurgica et Materialia (ScienceDirect : 1995 only)
  10. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (Wiley : 2005-2008)
  11. Additives for Polymers (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  12. Adsorption (Springer : 1997-present)
  13. Advanced Cement Based Materials (ScienceDirect : 1995-1998)
  14. Advanced Materials  (Wiley : 1996-present)
  15. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  16. Analyst, The   (RSC : 1876-present)
  17. Analytica Chimica Acta  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  18. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry   (Springer : 1997-present)
  19. Analytical Chemistry  (ACS : 1929-present)
  20. Angewandte Chemie International Edition   (Wiley : 1996-present)
  21. Annual Reviews of Physical Chemistry  (AR : 1950-present)
  22. Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)  (RSC : 1979-2013)
  23. Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)  (RSC : 1967-2013)
  24. Annual Reports Section C (Physical Chemistry)   (RSC : 1979-2013)
  25. Applied Geochemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  26. Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology  (OVID : 2000-present)
  27. Applied Surface Science (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  28. Aquatic Geochemistry (Springer : 1997-present)
  29. Archaecometry (Wiley : 1997-present)
  30. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  31. Biochemia medica: Casopis Hrvatskoga Drustva Medicinskih (EBSCO : 2007-present)
  32. Biochemistry (ACS : 1962-present)
  33. Bioconjugate Chemistry  (ACS : 1990-present)
  34. Bioelectrochemistry (ScienceDirect : 2000-present)
  35. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics (ScienceDirect : 1995-1999)
  36. Biogeochemistry (Springer : 1997-present)
  37. Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications (PMC : 2003-present)
  38. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  39. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  40. Bioorganic Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1971-present)
  41. Biophysical Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  42. Bulletin of Oure & Applied Sciences-Chemistry (EBSCO : 2012-present)
  43. Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society  (Wiley : 2015-present)
  44. Catalysis Communications  (ScienceDirect : 2000-present)
  45. Catalysis in Industry  (Springer : 2009-present)
  46. Catalysis Letters  (Springer : 1997-present)
  47. Catalysis Surveys from Asia  (Springer : 1997-present)
  48. Catalysis Today  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  49. Catalysis Science & Technology (RSC : 2011-present)
  50. Cellulose  (Springer : 1997-present)
  51. Cement and Concrete Composites  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  52. Cement and Concrete Research  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  53. Ceramics International  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  54. Chemical and Petroleum Engineering  (Springer : 1997-present)
  55. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin  (Free - Current Year of Publication : 1958-present)
  56. Chemical Biology & Drug Design (Wiley : 1997-present)
  57. Chemical Communications  (RSC : 1996-present)
  58. Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  59. Chemical Engineering Journal  (ScienceDirect : 1997-present)
  60. Chemical Engineering Journal and the Biochemical Engineering Journal, The (ScienceDirect : 1995-1997)
  61. Chemical Engineering Research and Design  (ScienceDirect : 1996-present)
  62. Chemical Engineering Research & Design: Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers. Part A   (EBSCO : 2007-present)
  63. Chemical Engineering Science  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  64. Chemical Geology  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  65. Chemical Health and Safety  (ScienceDirect : 1999-2005)
  66. Chemical Papers  (Springer : 2006-present)
  67. Chemical Physics  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  68. Chemical Physics Letters  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  69. Chemical Record, The  (Wiley : 2001-present)
  70. Chemical Research in Toxicology  (ACS : 1988-present)
  71. Chemical Reviews  (ACS : 1925-present)
  72. Chemical Science  (RSC : 2010-present)
  73. Chemical Senses  (Oxford Journals : 1996-present)
  74. Chemical Society Reviews   (RSC : 1972-present)
  75. Chemico-Biological Interactions   (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  76. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry   (ScienceDirect : 2002-present)
  77. Chemistry - A European Journal  (Wiley : 1995-present)
  78. Chemistry an Asian Journal (Wiley : 2006-present)
  79. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  80. Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils   (Springer : 1965-present)
  81. Chemistry Central Journal (PMC : 2007-present)
    Chemistry Central Journal (Springer : 2007-present)
  82. Chemistry of Materials  (ACS : 1989-present)
  83. Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds (Springer : 1965-present)
  84. Chemistry of Natural Compounds  (Springer : 1965-present)
  85. Chemistry World (RSC : 1996-present) Formerly: Chemistry in Britain
  86. Chemoecology (Springer : 1990-present)
  87. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  88. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering (ScienceDirect : 2006-present)
  89. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry (EBSCO : 1999-2009)
  90. Chromatographia (Springer : 1968-present)
  91. Clinical Chemistry (ProQuest : 2002-present)
    Clinical Chemistry (Free back issues : 1955-present)
  92. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  93. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  94. Color Research & Application (Wiley : 1996-present)
  95. Coloration Technology (Wiley : 1997-present)
  96. Combinatorial Chemistry - an Online Journal  (ScienceDirect : 1998-2016)
  97. Computational and Theoretical Polymer Science (ScienceDirect : 1997-2001)
  98. Computational Biology and Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 2003-present)
  99. Computers & Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-2002)
  100. Comptes Rendus de l'Acade'mie des Sciences - Series IIB - Mechanics-Physics-Chemistry-Astronomy (ScienceDirect : 1997-1998)
  101. Comptes Rendus de l'Acade'mie des Sciences - Series IIC - Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1998-2001)
  102. Coordination Chemistry Reviews (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  103. Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry (EBSCO : 2002-present, 18 Months delay)
  104. Crystal Growth & Design (ACS : 2001-present)
  105. CrystEngComm  (RSC : 1999-present)
  106. Dalton Transactions (RSC : 2003-present)
  107. Doklady Chemistry  (Springer : 2000-present)
  108. Education for Chemical Engineers  (ScienceDirect : 2006-present)
  109. Electrochemistry Communications  (ScienceDirect : 1999-present)
  110. Electrochimica Acta  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  111. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  112. European Journal of Organic Chemistry  (Wiley : 1996-present)
  113. European Journal of Solid State and Inorganic Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1998 only)
  114. European Polymer Journal  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  115. Faraday Dissussions (RSC : 1991-present)
  116. Fluid Phase Equilibria  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  117. Focus on Polyvinyl Chloride  (ScienceDirect : 2002 only)
  118. Focus on Powder Coatings  (ScienceDirect : 2002-present)
  119. Food and Chemical Toxicology (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  120. Food Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  121. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (Springer : 1862-present) Formerly: Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry
  122. Gas Separation & Purification  (ScienceDirect : 1995-1996)
  123. Geochemical Transactions  (RSC : 2000-2003)
  124. Geochemistry International  (Springer : 2006-present)
  125. Green Chemistry  (RSC : 1999-present)
  126. Helvetica Chimica Acta  (Wiley : 1996-present)
  127. Histochemistry and Cell Biology  (Springer : 1958-present)
  128. Hydrometallurgy (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  129. IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging  (IEEE Xplore : 1999-2010)
  130. IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, Part B: Advanced Packaging (IEEE Xplore : 1994-1998)
  131. Il Farmaco (ScienceDirect : 1998-2005)
  132. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (ACS : 1987-present)
  133. Inorganic Chemistry (ACS : 1962-present)
  134. Inorganic Chemistry Communications  (ScienceDirect : 1998-present)
  135. Inorganica Chimica Acta (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  136. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  137. International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology (Wiley : 2004-present)
  138. International Journal of Cosmetic Science (Wiley : 1997-present)
  139. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  140. International Journal of Inorganic Materials (ScienceDirect : 1999-2001)
  141. International Journal of Mineral Processing (ScienceDirect : 1995-2017)
  142. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  143. International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis  (Springer : 2007-present)
  144. Ionics  (Springer : 1995-present)
  145. Journal of Aerosol Science  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  146. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (ACS : 1953-present)
  147. Journal of Alloys and Compounds (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  148. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  149. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry (JAAS)  (RSC : 1986-present)
  150. Journal of Analytical Chemistry (Springer : 2000-present)
  151. Journal of Applied Crystallography  (Wiley : 1997-present)
  152. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry (Springer : 1997-present)
  153. Journal of Applied Polymer Science  (Wiley : 1996-present)
  154. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry  (Springer : 1996-present)
  155. Journal of Coatings Technology  (Springer : 1997-2003)
  156. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research  (Springer : 2004-present)
  157. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data  (ACS : 1956-present)
  158. Journal of Chemical Education  (ACS : 1924-present)
  159. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling  (ACS : 1961-present) Formerly : Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences
  160. Journal of Chemical Physics (AIP : 2004-present)
  161. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology (Wiley : 1996-present)
  162. Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, The  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  163. ACS Combinatorial Science (ACS : 1999-present) Formerly : Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry
  164. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (RSC : 1999-present) Formerly: Journal of Environmental Monitoring
  165. Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention (Springer : 2001-present)
  166. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  167. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry  (SAGE journals : 1999-present)
  168. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry  (EBSCO : 1999-present, 18 Months delay)
  169. Journal of Materials Chemistry  (RSC : 1981-2012)
  170. Journal of Materials Chemistry A (RSC : 2013-present)
  171. Journal of Materials Chemistry B (RSC : 2013-present)
  172. Journal of Materials Chemistry C (RSC : 2013-present)
  173. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance (Springer : 1992-present)
  174. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (ACS : 1959-present)
  175. Journal of Natural Products (ACS : 1979-present)
  176. Journal of Organic Chemistry (ACS : 1936-present)
  177. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  178. Journal of Petroleum Geology (Wiley : 1997-present)
  179. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  180. Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion (Springer : 1998-present)
  181. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  182. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  183. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews (ScienceDirect : 2000-present)
  184. Journal of Physical Chemistry A (ACS : 1997-present)
  185. Journal of Physical Chemistry B (ACS : 1997-present)
  186. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  187. Journal of Polymer Science. Part A. Polymer Chemistry (Wiley : 1996-present)
  188. Journal of Polymer Science. Part B. Polymer Physics (Wiley : 1996-present)
  189. Journal of Separation Science (Wiley : 1996-present)
  190. Journal of Solid State Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  191. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry (Springer : 1997-present)
  192. Journal of Sulfur Chemistry (EBSCO : 2002-present, 18 Months delay) Formerly: Sulfur Reports
  193. Journal of Supramolecular Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 2001-2002)
  194. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Wiley : 1997-present)
  195. Journal of the American Ceramic Society (Wiley : 1997-present)
  196. Journal of the American Chemical Society (ACS : 1879-present)
  197. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (Springer : 1924-2014)
  198. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1 (RSC : 2001-2002)
  199. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2 (RSC : 2001-2002)
  200. Journal of the European Ceramic Society (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  201. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (Springer : 1969-present)
  202. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology (Springer : 1992-present)
  203. Journal of Wood Science (Springer : 1998-present)
  204. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering (Springer : 1984-present)
  205. Lab on a Chip (RSC : 2001-present)
  206. Langmuir (ACS : 1985-present)
  207. Macromolecules (ACS : 1968-present)
  208. Marine Chemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  209. Materials & Design (ScienceDirect : 1995-2015)
  210. Materials and Structures (Springer : 1968-present)
  211. Materials Characterization (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  212. Materials Chemistry and Physics (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  213. Materials Letters (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  214. Materials Physics and Mechanics  (Free Site : 2000-present)
  215. Materials Research Bulletin (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  216. Materials Science (Springer : 1966-present)
  217. Materials Science and Engineering A  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  218. Materials Science and Engineering B  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  219. Materials Science and Engineering C  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  220. Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  221. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing (ScienceDirect : 1998-present)
  222. Materials Today (ScienceDirect : 1998-present)
  223. Mechanics of Composite Materials (Springer : 1965-present)
  224. Mechanics of Materials (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  225. Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials (Springer : 1997-present)
  226. Medicinal Chemistry Research (Springer : 2004-present)
  227. Methods in Organic Synthesis (RSC)
  228. Metal Finishing  (ScienceDirect : 1995-2013)
  229. Metal Powder Report (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  230. Metal Science and Heat Treatment (Springer : 1959-present)
  231. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A  (Springer : 1975-present)
  232. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B  (Springer : 1970-present)
  233. Metallurgist (Springer : 1957-present)
  234. Microchemical Journal (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  235. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (ScienceDirect : 1998-present)
  236. Molecular Biosystems (RSC : 2005-2017)
  237. Monatshefte fur Chemie / Chemical Monthly (Springer : 1880-present)
  238. Nano Letters  (ACS : 2001-present)
  239. Natural Product Reports (RSC : 1984-present)
  240. Natural Product Updates (RSC :)
  241. Nature Methods (EBSCO : 2004-2015)
  242. NDT & E International (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  243. Neurochemistry International (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  244. New Journal of Chemistry (RSC : 1998-present)
  245. Optical Materials (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  246. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry (RSC : 2003-present)
    (Former Title : Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions I and Perkin Transactions II)
  247. Organic Chemistry Frontiers (RSC : 2014-present)
  248. Organic Electronics (ScienceDirect : 2000-present)
  249. Organic Geochemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  250. Organic Letters (ACS : 1999-present)
  251. Organic Process Research & Development (ACS : 1997-present)
  252. Organometallics (ACS : 1982-present)
  253. Oxidation of Metals (Springer : 1969-present)
  254. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry (RSC : 2003-Present)
  255. Pesticide Outlook (RSC : 2000-2003)
  256. Petroleum Chemistry (Springer : 2006-present)
  257. Petrology (Springer : 2006-present)
  258. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences (RSC : 2002-present)
  259. Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications (ScienceDirect : 2003-present)
  260. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (RSC : 1999-present)
  261. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth (ScienceDirect : 1995-1998)
  262. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part A: Solid Earth and Geodesy (ScienceDirect : 1999-2001)
  263. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere (ScienceDirect : 1999-2001)
  264. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part C: Solar, Terrestrial & Planetary Science (ScienceDirect : 1999-2001)
  265. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C  (ScienceDirect : 2002-present)
  266. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals (Springer : 1977-present)
  267. Phytochemistry (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  268. Phytochemistry Review (Springer : 2002-present)
  269. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1998-present)
  270. Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing (Springer : 1981-present)
  271. Plasmonics (Springer : 2006-present)
  272. Polyhedron (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  273. Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics (Springer : 1962-present)
  274. Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces (Springer : 2000-present) Formerly : Protection of Metals
  275. Protein Journal, The (Springer : 1982-present)
  276. Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC : 1960-2013)
  277. Quarterly Reviews, Chemical Society (RSC : 1947-1971)
  278. Radiation Physics and Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  279. Radiochemistry (Springer : 2001-present)
  280. Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis (Springer : 1974-present) Formerly : Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis Letters
  281. Refractories and Industrial Ceramics (Springer : 1960-present)
  282. Research on Chemical Intermediates (Springer : 1997-present)
  283. Revue Generale des Chemins de Fer (ScienceDirect : 1998-1999)
  284. RSC Advances (RSC : 2011-present)
  285. Russian Chemical Bulletin (Springer : 1952-present)
  286. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry (Springer : 2001-present)
  287. Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry (Springer : 2000-present)
  288. Russian Journal of Coordination Chemistry (Springer : 2000-present)
  289. Russian Journal of Electrochemistry (Springer : 2000-present)
  290. Russian Journal of General Chemistry (Springer : 2001-present)
  291. Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (Springer : 2006-present)
  292. Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing (Sprnger : 2000-present)
  293. Russian Journal of Organic Chemistry (Springer : 2001-present)
  294. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A (Springer : 2006-present)
  295. Russian Metallurgy (Metally) (Springer : 2006-present)
  296. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization (Springer : 2007-present) Formerly : Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety
  297. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  298. Soft Matter (RSC : 2005-present)
  299. Solar Energy (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  300. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  301. Structural Chemistry (Springer : 1990-present)
  302. Surface and Coatings Technology (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  303. Surface Science (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  304. Surface Science Reports (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  305. Synthesis : Journal of Synthetic Organic Chemistry  (Thieme Connect : 1969-present)
  306. Synthetic Communications (EBSCO : 2001-present, 18 Month delay)
  307. Synthetic Metals   (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  308. Talanta (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  309. Tetrahedron  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  310. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry   (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  311. Tetrahedron Letters   (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  312. Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: Theory, Computation, and Modeling (Springer : 1963-present)
  313. Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering (Springer : 2000-present)
  314. Thermal Engineering (Springer : 2006-present)
  315. Thermochimica Acta  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  316. Thin Solid Films (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  317. Topics in Catalysis (Springer : 1994-present)
  318. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  319. Transition Metal Chemistry (Springer : 1976-present)
  320. Transport in Porous Media (Springer : 1975-present)
  321. Tribology Letters (Springer : 1995-present)
  322. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  323. Vacuum (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  324. Vibrational Spectroscopy  (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  325. Wear (ScienceDirect : 1995-present)
  326. Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences (Springer : 1997-present)
  327. Wood Science and Technology (Springer : 1967-present)
  328. Zeolites (ScienceDirect : 1995-1997)