Biodiversity; comparative study of reproduction and development in animals; comparative physiology of organ system, receptor and motor system, digestive system, endocrine system, gas exchange and excretory system, circulatory system and immune system; and basic biology laboratories.
Systematic classification of living organisms; reproduction and development in human and animals; comparative physiology of organ systems in human and animals, diseases and abnormalities, including nervous system, receptor and motor system, digestive system, endocrine system, gas exchange and excretory system, circulatory system and immune system; and basic biology laboratories.
Theory and practice of preparing plants and animals for microscopic examination; general routines of the preparation of tissue such as fixation and dehydration, sectioning with microtome and staining of sections, microanatomy and chemical composition of some tissues.
Fundamentals of bacteria regarding structure and functions, nutrient, growth, death, and control, as well as the importance and the application of major groups of bacteria; laboratory experiments on studying of bacteria by microscopes, staining, aseptic technique, preparation of media, isolation of pure culture, selection, classification and identification, culture, quantifying, and preservation of bacteria, and also safety in laboratories.
Molecular structure and general properties of organic compounds; classification and nomenclature of organic compounds with various functional groups; stereochemistry: stereoisomers and their optical activities; synthesis, reactions and identification of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, halides or organohalogens, alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic acid derivatives and amines; Molecular structure and properties of biomolecules: carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids.
Introduction to the basic principle of immunology, microbiology and parasitology including morphology and growth of microorganisms and parasites, methods of microbial genes transfer and drug resistant genes transfer, role of microorganisms in nature, sterile techniques, pathogenicity of microorganisms and parasites, host immune responses, medically important parasites, basic laboratory tests to detect microorganisms, virus, and parasites.
The course introduces the importance of learning computers, the various types of computer systems and their components, the principles by which computer systems work, the practical applications of computers and related technologies and the associated risks and other potential implications of computers and related technologies.